# Help:Editing

This Editing Overview is meant as a quick reference, with some "getting started" help. It has a lot of wikitext examples. Each of the topics covered here is covered somewhere else in more detail. Please look in the box on the right for the topic you are interested in. You may want to keep this page open in a separate browser window for reference while you edit.

## Editing Basics

Start editing
To start editing a page, click on the "Edit this page" (or just "edit") link at one of its edges. This will bring you to the edit page: a page with a text box containing the wikitext: the editable source code from which the server produces the webpage. If you just want to experiment, please do so in the FAIRwiki:Sandbox, not here.
You should write a short Edit Summary in the small field below the edit-box. You may use shorthand to describe your changes, as described in the legend.
Preview before saving
When you have finished, press preview to see how your changes will look -- before you make them permanent. Repeat the edit/preview process until you are satisfied, then click "Save" and your changes will be immediately applied to the article.

## Wikitext markup -- making your page look the way you want it

If you want to try out things without danger of doing any harm, you can do so in the Sandbox.

### Organizing your writing: Sections, paragraphs, lists and lines

What it looks like What you type
Sections and subsections

Note: Single equal signs give the highest level heading, like the page title; usually projects have the convention not to use them.

New section

Subsection

Sub-subsection


== New section ==

=== Subsection ===

==== Sub-subsection ====


A single newline has no effect on the layout.

But an empty line starts a new paragraph, or ends a list or indented part. (<p> disables this paragraphing until </p> or the end of the section)

(in Cologne Blue two newlines and a div tag give just one newline; in the order newline, div tag, newline, the result is two newlines)

You can make the wikitext more readable by putting in newlines. You might find this causes future problems -- see w:Wikipedia:Don't use line breaks for details.


A single
newline
has no
effect on the
layout.

But an empty line
starts a new paragraph.
You can break lines
without starting a new paragraph.

(The HTML tag <br> is sufficient. The system produces the XHTML code <br />.)

You can break lines<br>
without starting a new paragraph.
• Unordered Lists are easy to do:
• start every line with a star
• more stars means deeper levels
• A newline
• in a list

marks the end of the list.

• Of course
• you can
• start again.
* Unordered Lists are easy to do:
** start every line with a star
*** more stars means deeper levels
*A newline
*in a list
marks the end of the list.
*Of course
*you can
*start again.


1. Numbered lists are also good
1. very organized
2. easy to follow
2. A newline
3. in a list

marks the end of the list.

1. New numbering starts
2. with 1.
# Numbered lists are also good
## very organized
## easy to follow
#A newline
#in a list
marks the end of the list.
#New numbering starts
#with 1.

• You can even do mixed lists
1. and nest them
• or break lines
in lists
* You can even do mixed lists
*# and nest them
*#* or break lines<br>in lists

Definition list

word
definition of the word
longer phrase
phrase defined
; word : definition of the word
; longer phrase
: phrase defined
indenting
A colon indents a line or paragraph.

A manual newline starts a new paragraph.

• This is often used for discussion on Talk pages.
: A colon indents a line or paragraph.
A manual newline starts a new paragraph.

preformatted text
IF a line of plain text starts with a space
it will be formatted exactly
as typed
in a fixed-width font
lines won't wrap
ENDIF
this is useful for:
* pasting preformatted text;
* algorithm descriptions;
* program source code
* ASCII art;
* chemical structures;


WARNING If you make it wide, you and hence less readable. Never start ordinary lines with spaces.

 IF a line of plain text starts with a space
it will be formatted exactly
as typed
in a fixed-width font
lines won't wrap
ENDIF
this is useful for:
* pasting preformatted text;
* algorithm descriptions;
* program source code
* ASCII art;
* chemical structures;

Centered text.
<center>Centered text.</center>
A: above

and below.

If you don't use a section header, you don't get a TOC entry.

A horizontal dividing line: above
----
and below. 

General notes:

• Enclose the target name in double square brackets -- "[[" and "]]"
• First letter of target name is automatically capitalized
• Spaces are represented as underscores (but don't do underscores yourself)
• Links to nonexistant pages are shown in red -- [[MediaWiki User's Guide: Starting a new page|]] tells about creating the page.
• When the mouse cursor "hovers" over the link, you see a "hover box" containing...
What it looks like What you type
Basic

Sue is reading the official position (or Official positions).

Sue is reading the
[[official position]]s
(or [[Official position]]).

A link to the page on another wiki (e.g. the same subject in another language)

*For more info see [[m:Help:Interwiki linking]].
*[[:fr:Wikipédia:Aide]].

Section of page

If the section doesn't exist, the link goes to the top of the page

*[[List of cities by country#Morocco]].
*[[List of cities by country#Sealand]].

Use a pipe "|" to create a link label:

*[[Help:Links|About Links]]
*[[List of cities by country#Morocco|
Cities in Morocco]]


"blank" pipes hide stuff:

After you save, the server automatically fills in the link label.

*In parentheses: [[kingdom (biology)|]].
*Namespace: [[Wikipedia:Village pump|]].

The weather in London is a page that doesn't exist yet.

• You can create it by clicking on the link.
• Have a look at how to start a page guide and the naming conventions page for your project.
[[The weather in London]] is a page
that doesn't exist yet.

Or your user name plus date/time: Karl Wick 08:10 Oct 5, 2002 (UTC)

The server will fill in the link after you save.

You should "sign" your comments on talk pages:
: Or your user name plus date/time: ~~~~

Redirect

one article title to another with this special link.

#REDIRECT [[United States]]
ISBN 0123456789X
RFC 123

Sound


[[media:Sg_mrob.ogg|Sound]]

Dates

Use links for dates, so everyone can set their own display order. Use Special:Preferences to change your own date display setting.

[[July 20]], [[1969]] , [[20 July]] [[1969]]
and [[1969]]-[[07-20]]

will all appear as 20 July-1969 if you set your date display preference to 1 January 2001.
Special pages

[[Special:Whatlinkshere/
Wikipedia:How to edit a page]]